Pasco discussed two key questions during his presentation:
- Is there evidence of intergenerational transmission?
- Does attachment have implications for a child’s long term development?
Bowlby’s and Ainsworth’s Theories were used to describe the nature of attachment that a child can have with their parents.
Pasco covered attachment related constructs and early intervention and how these can have an impact on language, cognition and general development of the child.
Professor Fearon discussed how intergenerational transmission of attachment is weaker in clinical samples he also acknowledged the effect of socio-economic class and psychiatric illness. Further to this, Pasco discussed how attachment affects both externalising and internalising behaviours in young children. He emphasised that a disorganised attachment is most at risk of developing externalising behavioural problems.
Stephens’s presentation gave contemporary viewpoints on parentings relationships; including how parenting habits can have an effect on other presentations of the child. Poor parenting can lead to changes in behaviour and emotions. These include decreased social and learning skills and emotional dysregulation. Poor parenting can also lead to developments of unhealthy habits in children such as intoxicant abuse and even heightened physiological responses in cortisol.
The programme is based upon Bowlbys/Ainsworth’s attachment theories and Patterson parent child coercive cycle theory. VIPP-SD is both standardised and individualised as interveners use the same manual. Video clips are taken of the parent and child; this enables parents to practice their observational skills and to reinforce parental sensitive behaviour.
VIPP has also been adapted to suit other target groups, such as VIPP-FC for children in foster care, VIPP-Auti for children with Autism and VIPP-Infant (for children under 12 months of age.